The content of vitamins in honey

The content of vitamins in honey

Vitamins are organic substances, essential elements of normal nutrition. Before vitamins, such terrible diseases as scurvy, beriberi, rickets, pellagra and others receded.

Academician AN Bach wrote that vitamins, which until recently seemed to be secondary nutritional factors with a narrowly limited specific effect, acquired the importance of a factor of exceptional biological importance.

It is difficult to find a section of physiology and biochemistry that does not come into contact with the doctrine of vitamins. The metabolism of the body, the activity of the sense organs, the functions of the nervous system, enzymatic processes, growth and reproduction – all these diverse and fundamental in their importance processes are closely related to vitamins.

Academician AI Oparin believes that vitaminology is the cornerstone of modern teaching about nutrition. Without knowledge of this important issue, there can be no question of a correct understanding of the modern foundations of biochemistry and physiology. It has now been established that vitamins are involved in all vital processes of the body.

In the literature on beekeeping, there are often conflicting indications about the content of vitamins, in particular vitamin C, in honey bee. There is an opinion that in areas where fruits and vegetables do not grow (Arctic, Far North), honey is successfully used as an antiscorbutic. This statement is not true. The famous English explorer Stark (second half of the 18th century) caused experimental scurvy, eating for six months with food from honey and flour products.

Many works of scientists are dedicated to the vitamin composition of bee honey. It was found that to provide the body with a daily dose of vitamin C it would take 2-3 kg of honey, which, of course, is unacceptable.

According to the research of domestic and foreign authors, the following vitamins were found in honey: B1 (aneurine), B2 (riboflavin), B3 (pantothenic acid), Boc (folic acid), B6 ​​(pyridoxine), H (biotin), K (phylloquinone), C (ascorbic acid), E (tocopherol), provitamin A (carotene), and others.

The amount of vitamins in honey basically depends on the presence of pollen in it. Experiments have shown that complete removal of pollen by filtration leads to almost complete absence of vitamins in honey. Although the listed vitamins are contained in honey in a very small amount, nevertheless they are of great importance, since they are in favorable combination with other substances that are very important for the body.

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The content of vitamins in honey