Exhibition of bees in the spring from the winter hut

Exhibition of bees in the spring from the winter hut

The time of the spring exhibition of bees at will depends on their behavior and weather. In greenhouses, reserve bee colonies usually have extremely small stocks of Perga or do not have them at all. If you put these bees in early spring and do not equip them with perga, then the bees will begin to grow brood after the cleansing circling by impoverishing their body with protein. Born in a small number of bees will not be viable, in addition, the life expectancy of bees that have grown them. Therefore, if bees do not provide protein food, but a good winter, bee colonies are put out at the beginning of flowering mother-and-stepmother, alder, hazel on a warm, windless day, with an air temperature in the shade of at least 8 њ C.

On the day of the exhibition of bees, residents should be warned in the vicinity of the houses, as a good sunny day waiting for the housewives to dry and air the clothes and clothes. If this coincides with the flight of bees, then in a radius of 100-200 m all will be stained with hard-to-remove droplets of brown stool.

The exhibition of bees is finished by 11 -12 h, so that they fly during the warmest time. The hives are placed on pre-prepared stands near the bushes and trees, obscuring them at noon, by flying east or southeast.

Once all the bee colonies are exposed and covered with lids, open the lower and upper tapes at intervals of every 1-2 beehives. The non-simultaneous opening of the Letkaks in some way prevents the raids and meetings of bees of weak families.

When exhibiting bees, it should be borne in mind that bees like large volume hives. Families in such hives can be strengthened by raids. If the family is weak and the beehive is colored or large in color, this can be used to strengthen it, placing a beehive in the first row or in the middle of the apiary, in the most lit place. If the family is strong, then open it must be the last resort or

put in the back row, where the bee colonies are weakened by the bee gathering in the front row and in the middle.

By the force of flying around the bees determine their condition. Strong families stormily fly around and on the same day start cleaning the hive, carry water, and if there are flowering plants, then the update.

It happens that bees do not fly out of the hive. This happens with a good calm wintering of bees or, conversely, when the family is killed and weakened from hunger.

In bezmatamochnyh families bees, flying from the hive, quickly return back and crawl on the board, looking for the uterus. If you remove the lid of the beehive and feel under the pillow palm overhead frame, then the lack of heat will confirm that there is no brood in the family, and consequently, the uterus. The family is inspected, and if it is so weak that the palm does not catch the heat from the brood, the other non-maturing family (or vice versa) is soon attached to it.

Further, all bee colonies are quickly examined to establish the presence of queens, reject small-honeyed old honeycombs, and, if necessary, substitute the pergo and honey frames so that in the nest fodder reserves are within 8-10 kg. Inspection of nests of bee colonies is conducted in a calm time at an air temperature of at least 12-14 њ C.

Sometimes, even before the flowering mother-and-stepmother, you can see the bees with small updates of dark colors. This should not soothe the beekeeper. Bees do not carry pollen, but propolis from the buds of plants. Sometimes even large, pollen-like lumps of white and other flowers can be seen. This can be flour and other substances not digested by bees.

It is important to give bees timely help, work, attention and care will pay off handsomely. Otherwise, bees of bezmatamochnyh, hungry and weak families, as well as from heavily contaminated hives or with sour honey immediately swarm or gradually fly away to other bee families. This historically worked out useful adaptation of bees, which allows to improve well-being of strong families at the expense of doomed to death, but you can not admit it.

When inspecting the nests, remove from the hive a frame to accurately determine the number of frames with brood and honey should not be. It is important to know that the family is good in strength, there are broods, and enough fodder reserves. At the “bulkhead” of the frames the thermal and air modes of the nest are violated, in addition, one can cause theft and malice of the bees. It is more expedient for insufficiently strong families to remove excess frames, to reduce the streets, to leave 8-9 mm instead of 12 mm. This will contribute to a more dense bee hanging frames, a much larger buildup of bees. With the onset of steady weather, the streets are expanded to the norm.

In bees that hibernate with closed lower tapholes, brood, even eggs, may be absent. About such families make notes in the passechnyy magazine. At secondary examination, days after 5-7, brood is usually found. If there is no brood, the nest is examined and the uterus is looked for. But it is not always possible to find it. A complete absence in the nest of perga may be the reason for inactivity of bees. The family is given a feather, a small area of ​​printed honey is opened in the nest or given a feeding. If, after this, the uterus does not start laying eggs, the family is placed a control frame with a small number of young bee larvae and eggs. Do not put a frame with a large number of open brood, because the family is not prepared for its cultivation. The brood will be partially thrown out by bees from the hive and partially eaten, which is undesirable. After 2-3 days, the inspection frame is inspected. The absence of fistula in this case is explained by the physiological age of the bees and, less commonly, by the disease of the uterus. The reinforcement of such a family by young bees from another hive will ensure the appearance of brood.

If there is no brood, then the uterus is sick, and it should be replaced by a full-fledged one or a weak family with a uterus attached to it. The presence on the control frame of fistula mothers indicates that the family does not have a uterus. In order to safely join the bezu with the uterus, the frame with the brood should be removed. In 2-3 hours, when bees detect the absence of brood, the family is planted with a fetal uterus in a cage, preferably with frames and bees.

An experienced beekeeper usually determines the presence of the uterus in the family for one, and in extreme cases for two examinations.

In a family with a uterus laying drones eggs (humpback brood), first destroy the uterus and take away the entire brood. Bees, who felt orphaned, are given a new uterus. Printed drones larvae mnut, and frames with larvae of younger age and eggs can withstand several hours in a cold room or pour cold water. In the latter case, the water is removed and the bees of strong families are given “drying”.

In case of detection of bee colonies with bee-workings it is not advisable to correct it. It is better to take the hive out of the apiary, shake off the bee frames, and remove the honeycomb. Returning to the old place, the bees, not finding their hive, fly to neighboring families. The remaining heavy bees-tinder are destroyed.

On the 2-3rd day after the exhibition, the beeches are closed, and the lower ones are cut to 1-3 cm.

On cold days at night, it is advisable to close the tap in weak, and sometimes in all families. This reduces feed consumption, and bees grow brood more.

Approximately within a month after the exhibition of bees from the winter queen, the old overwintering bees die off, and instead of them young ones are born. At this time in the bee families, the quantitative composition is almost unchanged. Inspect them with the confidence that they are all provided with feed, there is no need.

After a month’s time, with a complete change of old bees, the bee colonies will start to grow rapidly, and if there is a honey crop, they will rebuild the wax, and this should be used by the beekeeper, by loading the bees with the detuning of honeycombs.

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Exhibition of bees in the spring from the winter hut