Collection of honey and pollen from sunflower

Collection of honey and pollen from sunflower

Sunflower is a one-year-old plant of the family of Compositae. The stem has strong, simple or with lateral axillary branches. Lower and middle leaves are serigate – triangular or serceate – ovate, upper – elliptical, all petiolate, notched – serrate. Baskets large, drooping, single, placed on the tops of stalks and some axillary branches. All the flowers in the basket are yellow, the sides are always reed, unfruitful, and the middle ones are fruitful, tubular, and bisexual.

Fruits with strong, leathery peers – carp, cone-shaped, at the top with a crown with 2 (4) odeal spittles.

Sunflower is one of the main oil cultures, a good honey plant. In the steppe zone, where 80% of the crops are located, it is the main source of honey. Blooms in 60 to 80 days after sowing. The flower of culture lives for two days: on the first day the anthers ripen and open, on the other – the wiggle.

One flower in the pollen phase releases 0.302-0.903 mg of sugar in nectar, and in the spleen phase – 0.212-0.430 mg.

Medo – the productivity of 1 hectare of sunflower is 47-75 kg.

During the flowering of the culture, the increment in the parameters of the control hive may be 3-5 kg ​​per day.

Sunflower is an entomophilous culture, the pollination of which by bees is very important for obtaining a full yield.

It is provided at the rate of 0.5-1 bee family per 1 ha of sowing.

Sunflower honey is light yellow, has a faintly floral aroma, a tart sweet taste, rapidly crystallizes, so it is not recommended to leave it for the wintering of bees. Contains 28-33% of glucose and 42-46% of fructose. The diastolic number varies from 15.8 to 27.8 Goth unit.

1 звезда2 звезды3 звезды4 звезды5 звезд (1 votes, average: 5.00 out of 5)

Collection of honey and pollen from sunflower