Shrub and honey-bearing plants

Shrub and honey bearing plants

Acacia yellow, caragana dendritic – a bush with a family of legumes. Leaves with 4-7 pairs of oblong-elliptical ovate, with a base of rounded leaves. Flowers in bunches of 1-5 in the axils of leaves, numerous, corolla yellow. Fruits are linear-cylindrical beans.

Acacia blossoms yellow in May (in most cases during the flowering period) for 10-12 days. This honey plant, honey from which is marked by constancy.

It is noted that with the acacia yellow blossom, bee colonies are well-developed. Nectar of one flower contains 0.9-1.17 mg of sugar, and honey production with favorable conditions for nectar is 47-57 kg / ha.

An ordinary birch tree is a bush with a family of olive trees with hollow, elongated dark green, dotted with very small white specks, leaves. Flowers are white, fragrant, in erect inflorescences. Fruit is a berry similar, with 1-2 seeds.

Blossoms in the middle of June for 15-17 days. Flowers are readily visited by bees. This is a good honey plant. One flower secretes 0.22 mg of sugar in nectar. Honey production of 1 ha of plantations – 40-45 kg. In addition to nectar, the bees collect a small amount of pollen from the flowers of the hare.

Hawthorn blood red – a bush or a small tree with a family of pink. Leaves 3-7-lobed. The spines on the branches are thick, straight. Flowers are white, in a dense shchitko-like inflorescence. Stamens 20, with purple anthers. Fruits are almost spherical, blood-red, less often yellow-orange-yellow, with 3-4 bones. The most common hawthorn in the forest-steppe and steppe zones. It grows in forests, on the fringes and lawns.

Blooms in the second half of May after fruit crops and is a good pollen. Nektaronosnye its low quality. Inflorescence releases 1.81 mg of sugar in nectar, and 1 ha of plantations yields 15-17 kg of honey. Bees reluctantly visit its flowers in connection with a specific smell. But

in the localities, poor in honey plants, in the spring period its value increases.

Tatar honeysuckle is a shrub with a family of honeysuckle. Branches, leaves, pedicels and corolla are bare. The leaves are oblong-ovate, with a characteristic cordate notch, mostly blunt at the tip. Corolla of different shades – from pink to completely white. The berries are paired, unbedded, from yellow to red.

Blooms in May for two weeks, gives bees nectar and pollen. One flower excretes 0,117-0,130 mg of sugar in nectar. Honey production with a continuous coating is 27-35 kg / ha. Together with other melliferous plants that blossom in this period, the honey bees are supported by honey bees, which is necessary for building up a young bee.

The buckthorn is fragile – bush plant. Leaflets are regular, sharp, veins covered with veins from below. Branches and cuttings are hairy, without thorns. The bark is fat, dotted, on young branches red-brown with transverse whitish striae. Flowers are small, greenish.

The crumb brittle – the main honey – blooms in late May. Mass bloom lasts for 3-4 weeks. Bees collect nectar and pollen from it. One flower of the buckthorn is alive for two days, after a day, it releases 1.1 mg of sugar in nectar, 1 hectare of solid crush gives 100 kg of honey.

Honey with amber crumbs; with a pleasant smell and a delicate taste. Long does not crystallize.

Zhoster laxative – branchy bush or a small tree with a black nonsmooth bark.

Leaflets small-toothed, opposite. Flowers are small, collected on long stalks. Fruits are juicy spherical black berries with 3-4 bones.

Blossom zhoster in the second half of May and blossoms for a month. Gives bees a supported honey. At the beginning of flowering bees willingly visit its flowers, but with the blooming of the buckthorn the amount of visits is noticeably reduced. One flower lives 2 days, after a day, on average, releases 0.10-0.15 mg of sugar in nectar. Honey productivity of 1 hectare of continuous plantings – 35-40 kg.

Sea-buckthorn is a Buckthorn – a bush or a small tree with a family of loch with stitching branches, covered with gray bark. The leaves are linear-lanceolate.

Flowers are same-sex, brownish. Stamens flowers in short spikelet, single in leaf axils. Fruit is oval, orange-red. Blooms in April for 10-12 days. Belongs to the early melliferous. Bees willingly visit the flowers of sea-buckthorn, collecting nectar and pollen. One flower releases 0.06 mg of sugar in nectar, honey production of 1 ha of plantations – 38-40 kg.

Ptylia three – Leaved – a bush from the family of the rut. Leaflets are triple, with sessile elliptical leaves. Flowers are greenish-yellow, regular, same-sex, fragrant inflorescence.

Blooms ptelya, starting from the first decade of June, for 8-12 days. Kind honey plant. Together with acacia white gives honey bees to bees. One flower in the steppe zone releases 0,082-0,116 mg of sugar in nectar. Honey production of continuous plantations – 60-67 kg / ha. In addition to nectar, bees collect pollen from the flowers.

Svidin bloody – a bush with a family of turfs. The bark on the young branches is red-brown.

Leaflets are regular, elliptical, covered with hairs. Flowers are white, collected in the inflorescence. Fruits are dark blue. It grows in forests, bushes. Blooms in late May – early June. Kind honey plant. Bees willingly visit her flowers, collecting nectar and pollen.

Together with other meados gives sustained honey collection. One flower of the swine produces 0.26 mg of sugar in nectar, and 1 ha of plantations yields 60-70 kg of honey.

Tavolga middle – a bush with a family of pink. The plant is slightly pubescent. The leaves are oblong-elliptical, to the base narrowed into cuttings. Flowers are white,

Collected in the inflorescence at the ends of branches that come out of the buds of last year’s shoots.

Fruit – with small seeds.

It grows on rocky places, along bushes, on fringes and in light forests.

Blooms in May for 18-20 days. Gives nectar and pollen for bees. One inflorescence releases up to 0.37 mg of sugar in nectar, and honey productivity of 1 ha of plantations is 28-30 kg.

Heather common – evergreen branched bush. Leaflets are small, arranged in four rows. Flowers are small, lilac or lilac-pink, on short stalks. Fruit – pubescent capsule.

It grows in coniferous forests, on sandy hills, forest lawns, mountain valleys.

Heather is an important honey plant. With its blooming in early August, the second main honey crop starts, which lasts to the beginning, sometimes by the middle of September.

Bees very intensively visit blooming heather, especially on warm sunny days. Years of them last throughout the day, and from the second half it increases and does not weaken until the evening. One flower lives 5 days, after a day on average it releases 0.04 mg of sugar in nectar. Honey productivity of 1 hectare of solid scallop is 100 – 110 kg.

Most flowers bloom on the massif for 3-4 weeks, and therefore by the beginning of September, honey from the heather decreases sharply, although some plants blossom throughout the month.

Heather honey has different shades (yellow, brown, red), characteristic smell and taste, high viscosity.

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Shrub and honey-bearing plants