Collection of honey and pollen in the forests (forest meadows)
The common walnut is a shrub up to 7 m in height, with simple regular oval sheets. Stamen flowers in dangling cylindrical earrings, without perianth, with four split stamens.
Common hazel throughout the territory. Hazel is a very valuable early-spring pollen. Blooms in March. Highlights a lot of pollen.
Poplar is black, sedge is a tree from a family of pirate, with a straight trunk. It grows in the river valleys, in the floodplains.
Leaf kidneys have antipyretic, antiseptic, sedative, and diaphoretic action. In folk medicine, the ointment and infusion are made from the buds of poplar black, which are used externally as softening, cooling, wound-healing remedies.
Blossoms poplar black in March – April, before the blossoming foliage. For beekeeping, it is important that in the early spring it provides protein food. Bees collect from her kidneys an adhesive substance for propolis.
Alder sticky, or black – a tree from a family of birch trees. Young branches are smooth, often sticky. The leaves are round, sticky, glistening on top, dark green. Flowers monoecious, collected in a brush for 3-5 dangling earrings.
The alder grows sticky along the banks of rivers and streams, in forests, on fringes. Especially common in marshy soils. Blooms in late March – early April, to the opening of foliage. The Alder is one of the earliest dustpots. On the young leaves of her bees collect sticky substance for propolis.
Berest, elm leaves – a tree from the family of elm trees. Leaflets are oblong, sharpened. Flowers bisexual, in dense lateral fascicles, bloom to the appearance of leaves. Fruit of the lionfish. It grows in forests, bushes, slopes.
Blooms in April, 2-3 days earlier than elm normal. Warm spring (especially in the southern regions) bees willingly visit the flowers of the birch bark, collecting nectar and pollen. Its inflorescence in
Birch warty – a tree with a family of birch. Leaflets are rhombic, with a wedge-shaped base, glabrous, covered with resinous warts. The bark is smooth, white. Stamen flowers are collected in earrings. Stamen catkins are located at the ends of branches, long, with red-brown scales, green, on shortened lateral branches. Fruit is a nutlet with broad webbed wings.
Blooms in April – early May. This is one of the earliest dustcrops that gives bees a protein supplement, which is necessary during this period for the spring build-up of bees.
Verba goat – a tall bush or a small tree with a family of pirate. Leaves ovoid or oval, raised upward, wrinkled, glabrous. Earrings large, dense, sessile. On female trees – green, and on male trees during flowering – lemon-yellow. Growing in broad-leaved and coniferous-broad-leaved forests underbrush and the second tier, on the fringes and slopes – a small tree or a tall bush.
Flowering lasts from the beginning to the end of April. This is the earliest mellifer and pollen. Collection of nectar can stop only through adverse climatic conditions for the flight of bees. One inflorescence allocates 0,72-0,80 mg of sugar in nectar, honey productivity of 1 hectare of continuous planting – 75-80 kg.
Verba is a holly, a nodule is a tree-like bush or a tree with a dark bark. Shoots are long, thin, red-brown, spring more often greenish, late in the summer covered with a wax coating. Leaflets lanceolate or linear-lanceolate, sharpened, along the edges, from the upper side dark green, shining, with the lower green with a touch. The flowers are collected in earrings.
It grows along the banks of rivers, on sands, often forms large thickets.
Bloom in the middle of April for 7-16 days. Good spring honey plant. Especially valuable together with the goat’s goat can produce commodity honey. One inflorescence releases 0.76-0.81 mg of sugar in nectar every other day. Honey productivity of 1 hectare of verdure stands is 60-70 kg.
Maple leaves are a tree with a maple tree family. Shoots brownish, with lit side red-brown, shiny. The leaves are very different, dissected, from above dark green, from below – whitish or bluish. Flowers are yellowish in color. It grows in the woods.
Blooms in the first decade of May, to full blossoming of leaves, for 10-13 days. This is one of the early medonos. With favorable climatic conditions during the flowering of the bee colonies, forage crops are accumulated for spring growth. One flower releases 0,077-0,085 mg of sugar in nectar, and the honey productivity of 1 ha of plantations is 65-70 kg. In addition to nectar, bees collect a lot of pollen.
The maple of the field is a tree or a tree bush. It differs from maple leaf with thin shoots. It grows in the forests, on the fringes, along the bushes. Blooms in May at the same time with the opening of foliage. Together with the blooming gardens in this period gives bees a good supported honey crop. In addition to nectar, bees from maple field collect a lot of pollen. One flower excretes 0.18-0.25 mg of sugar in nectar. Honey productivity of 1 ha of plantations is 130-160 kg.
Tatar maple, blackblood – a small tree or a large bush with a fat, almost black bark. It grows on the fringes, forest lawns, steppe shrubs. Blossoms in late May – early June for 13-16 days. Appreciated in beekeeping as a honey plant. After the flowering of the orchards, it provides a sustained honey crop and thereby facilitates the growth of bee colonies to the main honey collector.
In places of mass distribution from maple of Tatar it is possible to receive the basic honey collection. One flower excretes 0.18-0.23 mg of sugar in nectar, and 1 ha of plantations yields 90-100 kg of honey.
Maple is white, sycamore is a tree with a slender trunk. Shovels in the lower part with parallel edges, from below bluish. Flowers in a long brush, with time hanging, corolla green. It grows in the woods.
Blossoms in May along with fruit crops. Flowers of yavor are readily visited by bees; secrete nectar in any weather. One flower gives 0.43-0.50 mg of sugar in nectar. Honey production of 1 ha of plantations reaches 55-60 kg.
Acacia white – a tree with a family of legumes. The trunk in the plantations is quite straightforward, unregulated in the wild. Leaflets are alternate, with 4-10 pairs of lateral oblong or oval, green leaves. Flowers are white, fragrant, in thin axillary drooping brushes. Fruit is a bean with 5-16 seeds.
Blossom acacia in late May – early June. A separate tree blooms 7-10 days, and an array – 2-3 weeks. A strong pleasant aroma and high nectar productivity of flowers attract a large number of bees.
Under favorable weather conditions, one powerful bee family can bring to the hive up to 6 kg of acacia honey per day. Nectar of one flower contains 0.5 to 2 mg of sugar (depending on climatic conditions and age of trees). Blossom acacia begins with 3-5 years and depending on the age its honey production is 200-500 kg with 1 hectare of continuous plantation, and under favorable conditions 1000 kg / ha.
Flowers produce very little pollen, and therefore bees with golden reed from the white acacia can be seen infrequently. Honey collected by bees only from acacia white, – without color, transparent, with a gentle, pleasant flower aroma, high contents of fructose.
For several years it has not crystallized, which is very important when selling such honey to the population. After crystallization has a white or cream color. Is in high demand.
Lipa is heart – Shaped – a tree from a family of lime trees. The flowers are correct, yellowish white. Nuts are egg-like-spherical, inexpressively faceted, pubescent.
It grows in broad-leaved and mixed forests.
By value for beekeeping, the linden is one of the first places among the honey-bearing trees and bushes. Blooms in late June – early July. A single flower blooms for 4-6 days, a tree-10-12, and a plantation – 20 days. However, under unfavorable climatic conditions, a lime tree can only bloom for 5 days. The flower allocates 0.586-1.332 mg of sugar in nectar, and a hectare of lime plantations yields 300-700 kg of honey.
Lime does not give honey every year. It depends on many conditions that affect the development of flowers, as well as the weather during flowering. In warm sunny weather with small warm rains, nectar exudation reaches a maximum.
Pollen from linden bees are taken only in the case when very little nectar is released. Sometimes after the fading of the linden there is a picking up of the padi, which is excreted by the lime aphid.
The bass is broadleaf. It differs from the lime with a small-leaved light color of the bark of the trunks, a large green foliage with whitish hairs on the lower side, hanging large inflorescences of 2-5 flowers, large ribbed pubescent fruits.
Blossoms 7-10 days earlier than small-leaved linden, slightly larger; nectar productivity. One flower can allocate 1,43-1,86 mg of sugar in nectar, and honey productivity of 1 hectare of lindenberry – up to 700 kg of honey.
Gledicia usual – a tree with a legume family. The crown is openwork, round in shape, with a few thick branches covered with spines. Leaves are pinnate, with 10-15 pairs of elongated leaves. Flowers are right, same-sex, in the hands. Bob is elongated, lanceolate, slightly bent.
Blooms in the first and second decades of June, it gives off a lot of nectar and pollen. In the south, together with acacia white provides commodity honey. The bees are visited very well throughout the day. One flower of gladichia, depending on climatic conditions, can excrete 0,284-0,312 mg of sugar in nectar, and honey productivity of 1 hectare of stands is 232-260 kg.
Japanese Sophora is a tree with a dome-shaped crown. The crown of the trunks of the old trees is dark gray, smooth. Flowers – large, loose on short pubescent pedicels. Fruits are fleshy beans that float in izhelta-green glutinous juice, with interceptions between individual seeds.
Common in the southern regions. Sophora Japanese blossoms in late June – August and gives bees a late-maintained honey and pollen. One flower of it can allocate 0,89-1,0 mg of sugar in nectar, and honey productivity of 1 hectare of continuous plantings makes 72-100 kg.
Bitter chestnut usual – a tree with a bitterly chestnut family with opposite sheets. Leaflets almost sessile 5-7. Kidneys opposite, covered with sticky scales. Flowers are white with red daisies, collected in pyramidal brushes. Capsule with large spines. The seeds are very large.
Blossoms chestnut in May, gives bees pollen and supported honey. Nectar contains 65-75% sucrose. One flower, under favorable climatic conditions, releases 1.7 mg of sugar in nectar, and honey productivity of 1 ha is 50-60 kg.
Лечебные травы и мед.
Collection of honey and pollen in the forests (forest meadows)